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Welcome to the oxford 3000 essential words program. Now, let's start learning English!
Section 16: Words Starting with P. p p . p. p is the sixteenth letter of the
English alphabet. It is also an abbreviation for page. See page 34 and pages 63-72.
pace p . a . c . e . pace. pace means the distance covered by a step. He stepped off
ten paces from the old tree and began to dig. pack p . a . c . k . pack. pack means arrange
in a container. Pack the books into the boxes. package p . a . c . k . a . g . e . package.
package means a collection of things wrapped or boxed together. Did you look at the ingredients
on this package of cookies? page p . a . g . e . page. page means one
side of one leaf (of a book or magazine or newspaper or letter etc.) or the written or
pictorial matter it contains. I could do nothing but stare stupidly at the printed page.
pain p . a . i . n . pain. pain means a symptom of some physical hurt or disorder. The patient
developed severe pain and distension. painful p . a . i . n . f . u . l . painful.
painful means causing physical or psychological pain. I have ulcers in my mouth, so it's very
painful when I eat. paint p . a . i . n . t . paint. paint means
a substance used as a coating to protect or decorate a surface (especially a mixture of
pigment suspended in a liquid); dries to form a hard coating. Blend the red paint with the
blue paint. painting p . a . i . n . t . i . n . g . painting.
painting means graphic art consisting of an artistic composition made by applying paints
to a surface. He bought the painting as an investment.
painter p . a . i . n . t . e . r . painter. painter means an artist who paints. A worker
who is employed to cover objects with paint. He is a famous singer who also has a separate
career as a painter. pair p . a . i . r . pair. pair means a set
of two similar things considered as a unit. My brother gave me a pair of jeans.
palace p . a . l . a . c . e . palace. palace means a large and stately mansion. Blenheim
Palace is one of the greatest country estates in England.
pale p . a . l . e . pale. pale means a wooden strip forming part of a fence. We painted
our kitchen a pale green. pan p . a . n . pan. pan means cooking utensil
consisting of a wide metal vessel. Make sure you grease the pan well, so the bread doesn't
stick. panel p . a . n . e . l . panel. panel means
sheet that forms a distinct (usually flat) section or component of something. The janitor
broke one of the glass panels in the door while he was sweeping the hallway.
pants p . a . n . t . s . pants. pants means underpants worn by women. She was afraid that
her pants might have been showing. paper p . a . p . e . r . paper. paper means
a material made of cellulose pulp derived mainly from wood or rags or certain grasses.
Some people feel it is better to use paper bags than plastic bags because paper bags
are biodegradable. parallel p . a . r . a . l . l . e . l . parallel.
parallel means being everywhere equidistant and not intersecting. Parallel lines never
converge. parent p . a . r . e . n . t . parent. parent
means a father or mother; one who begets or one who gives birth to or nurtures and raises
a child; a relative who plays the role of guardian. Aristotle observed that poverty
is the parent of revolution and crime. park p . a . r . k . park. park means a large
area of land preserved in its natural state as public property. There are laws that protect
the wildlife in this park. parliament p . a . r . l . i . a . m . e . n
. t . parliament. parliament means a legislative assembly in certain countries. The issue was
debated in Parliament without being resolved. part p . a . r . t . part. part means something
determined in relation to something that includes it. He wanted to feel a part of something
bigger than himself. take park. take park. take part inmeansto
participate in. Does she still want to take part in the party?
participate p . a . r . t . i . c . i . p . a . t . e . participate. participate means
become a participant; be involved in. Everyone who participates in the run will receive
a free T-shirt. particular p . a . r . t . i . c . u . l . a
. r . particular. particular means unique or specific to a person or thing or category.
The particular demands of the job. particularly p . a . r . t . i . c . u . l
. a . r . l . y . particularly. particularly means to a distinctly greater extent or degree
than is common. He was particularly fussy about spelling.
partly p . a . r . t . l . y . partly. partly means in part; in some degree; not wholly.
I felt partly to blame. partner p . a . r . t . n . e . r . partner.
partner means an associate who works with others toward a common goal. The musician
and the librettist were partners. partnership p . a . r . t . n . e . r . s
. h . i . p . partnership. partnership means a cooperative relationship between people
or groups who agree to share responsibility for achieving some specific goal. The action
teams worked in partnership with the government. party p . a . r . t . y . party. party means
an occasion on which people can assemble for social interaction and entertainment. He planned
a party to celebrate Bastille Day. pass p . a . s . s . pass. pass means go across
or through. We passed the point where the police car had parked.
passing p . a . s . s . i . n . g . passing. passing means the process of time going by.
Most of the old traditions have died out with the passing of time.
passage p . a . s . s . a . g . e . passage. passage means the act of passing from one
state or place to the next. They booked passage on the ship to London.
passenger p . a . s . s . e . n . g . e . r . passenger. passenger means a traveler riding
in a vehicle (a boat or bus or car or plane or train etc) who is not operating it. The passenger seats
in the car were full of Christmas parcels. passion p . a . s . s . i . o . n . passion.
passion means strong feeling or emotion. The sight of her full red lips filled him with passion,
and he kissed her excitedly. passport p . a . s . s . p . o . r . t . passport.
passport means any authorization to pass or go somewhere. You should take your passport
with you when changing money. past p . a . s . t . past. past means earlier
than the present time; no longer current. His youth is past.
path p . a . t . h . path. path means a course of conduct. a way especially designed for
a particular use. Our paths in life led us apart.
patience p . a . t . i . e . n . c . e . patience. patience means good-natured tolerance of delay
or incompetence. She has infinite patience with the children in her kindergarten class.
patient p . a . t . i . e . n . t . patient. patient means a person who requires medical
care. The number of emergency patients has grown rapidly.
pattern p . a . t . t . e . r . n . pattern. pattern means a perceptual structure. a decorative
or artistic work. The carpet has a very interesting geometric pattern woven into it.
pause p . a . u . s . e . pause. pause means a time interval during which there is a temporary
cessation of something. The mayor paused before answering the question.
pay p . a . y . pay. pay means give money, usually in exchange for goods or services.
Pay the waitress, please. payment p . a . y . m . e . n . t . payment.
payment means a sum of money paid. The contract provides for a deferred payment over three
years. peace p . e . a . c . e . peace. peace means
the state prevailing during the absence of war. Happy is a man who lives in peace and
content. peaceful p . e . a . c . e . f . u . l . peaceful.
peaceful means not disturbed by strife or turmoil or war. The President is advocating
a peaceful resolution to the conflict. peak p . e . a . k . peak. peak means the
most extreme possible amount or value. They made camp halfway up the peak.
pen p . e . n . pen. pen means a writing implement with a point from which ink flows. My pen
is very easy to write. penalty p . e . n . a . l . t . y . penalty.
penalty means the act of punishing. The penalty for drug dealing in some countries is death.
pencil p . e . n . c . i . l . pencil. pencil means a thin cylindrical pointed writing implement;
a rod of marking substance encased in wood. The pencil I lost yesterday was an old one.
people p . e . o . p . l . e . people. people means any group of human beings (men or women
or children) collectively. There were at least 200 people in the audience.
pepper p . e . p . p . e . r . pepper. pepper is a hot-tasting spice which is used to flavour
food. Season with salt and pepper. per p . e . r . per. per means express rates
and ratios. The velocity of light is about , miles per second.
percent p . e . r . c . e . n . t . percent. percent means a proportion multiplied by 100.
Inflation has risen by less than 1 percent this year.
percentage p . e . r . c . e . n . t . a . g . e . percentage. percentage means a fraction
of an amount expressed as a particular number of hundredths of that amount. He has a clause
in his contract which guarantees him a certain percentage of the profits.
perfect p . e . r . f . e . c . t . perfect. perfect means being complete of its kind and
without defect or blemish. To me, getting paid to learn foreign languages would be my perfect job.
perfectly p . e . r . f . e . c . t . l . y . perfectly. perfectly means completely and
without qualification; used informally as intensifiers. An perfectly magnificent painting.
perform p . e . r . f . o . r . m . perform. perform means carry out or perform an action.
John performed the painting, the weeding, and he cleaned out the gutters.
performance p . e . r . f . o . r . m . a . n . c . e . performance. performance means
a dramatic or musical entertainment. They listened to ten different performances.
performer p . e . r . f . o . r . m . e . r . performer. performer means an entertainer
who performs a dramatic or musical work for an audience. The leading performer had to
change her costume no less than 14 times during the play.
perhaps p . e . r . h . a . p . s . perhaps. perhaps means by chance. Perhaps she will
call tomorrow. period p . e . r . i . o . d . period. period
means an amount of time. Hastened the period of time of his recovery.
permanent p . e . r . m . a . n . e . n . t . permanent. permanent means continuing or
enduring without marked change in status or condition or place. A wise man once observed
that success isn't necessarily permanent - but neither is failure.
permanently p . e . r . m . a . n . e . n . t . l . y . permanently. permanently means
for a long time without essential change. He is permanently disabled.
permission p . e . r . m . i . s . s . i . o . n . permission. permission means approval
to do something. He asked permission to leave. permit p . e . r . m . i . t . permit. permit
means consent to, give permission. She permitted her son to visit her estranged husband.
person p . e . r . s . o . n . person. person means a human being. a human body (usually
including the clothing). There was too much for one person to do.
personal p . e . r . s . o . n . a . l . personal. personal means concerning or affecting a particular
person or his or her private life and personality. I have something personal to tell you.
personally p . e . r . s . o . n . a . l . l . y . personally. personally means as yourself.
Speaking personally, I would not want to go. personality p . e . r . s . o . n . a . l
. i . t . y . personality. personality means the complex of all the attributes - behavioral,
temperamental, emotional and mental - that characterize a unique individual. Their different
reactions reflected their very different personalities. perspective p . e . r . s . p . e . c . t
. i . v . e . perspective. perspective means a way of regarding situations or topics etc.
Consider what follows from the positivist perspective.
persuade p . e . r . s . u . a . d . e . persuade. persuade means win approval or support for.
His speech did not persuade the voters. pet p . e . t . pet. pet means a domesticated
animal kept for companionship or amusement. Never leave a pet dog unattended in your car
on a hot day. phase p . h . a . s . e . phase. phase means
a distinct state of matter in a system; matter that is identical in chemical composition
and physical state and separated from other material by the phase boundary. The reaction
occurs in the liquid phase of the system. philosophy p . h . i . l . o . s . o . p . h
. y . philosophy. philosophy means a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative
by some group or school. Any personal belief about how to live or how to deal with a situation.
Self-indulgence was his only philosophy. phone p . h . o . n . e . phone. phone means
electronic equipment that converts sound into electrical signals that can be transmitted
over distances and then converts received signals back into sounds. I talked to him
on the phone. photocopy p . h . o . t . o . c . o . p . y
. photocopy. photocopy means a photographic copy of written or printed or graphic work.
You'll need to get a better original to photocopy because this one is really unprintable
photograph p . h . o . t . o . g . r . a . p . h . photograph. photograph means a picture
of a person or scene in the form of a print or transparent slide; recorded by a camera
on light-sensitive material. Find someone who has seen a photograph of our galaxy.
photographer p . h . o . t . o . g . r . a . p . h . e . r . photographer. photographer
means someone who takes photographs professionally. I know the photographer who took this picture.
photography p . h . o . t . o . g . r . a . p . h . y . photography. photography means
the act of taking and printing photographs. She worked part-time as a model posing for
photography students at the university. phrase p . h . r . a . s . e . phrase. phrase
means an expression consisting of one or more words forming a grammatical constituent of
a sentence. Look up the phrase in your dictionary. physical p . h . y . s . i . c . a . l . physical.
physical means involving the body as distinguished from the mind or spirit. He is a basketball
player in a league for players with physical disabilities. physically p . h . y . s . i . c . a . l . l
. y . physically. physically means in accord with physical laws. It is physically impossible.
physics p . h . y . s . i . c . s . physics. physics means the science of matter and energy
and their interactions. I haven't studied physics much all semester.
piano p . i . a . n . o . piano. piano means a stringed instrument that is played by depressing
keys that cause hammers to strike tuned strings and produce sounds. We asked Hanako to play
the piano. pick p . i . c . k . pick. pick means select
carefully from a group. She finally picked her successor.
pick p . i . c . k . pick. pick means lift it up. Ridley picked up a pencil and fiddled
with it. picture p . i . c . t . u . r . e . picture.
picture means a visual representation (of an object or scene or person or abstraction)
produced on a surface. They showed us the pictures of their wedding.
piece p . i . e . c . e . piece. piece means a separate part of a whole. An important piece
of the evidence. pig p . i . g . pig. a pig is a pink or black
animal with short legs and not much hair on its skin. Someone once joked that you should
never try to teach a pig to sing. pile p . i . l . e . pile. pile means a collection
of objects laid on top of each other. We raked the leaves into huge piles for the kids
to jump in. pill p . i . l . l . pill. pill means something
that resembles a tablet of medicine in shape or size. She is quite ill, and has about five
different pills she has to take every day. pilot p . i . l . o . t . pilot. pilot means
someone who is licensed to operate an aircraft in flight. She is hoping to become a commercial pilot for
an international airline. pin p . i . n . pin. pin means small thin
pointed pieces of metal. They are used in sewing to fasten pieces of material together
until they have been sew. A bowling pin only has to tilt at an angle of 7.
pink p . i . n . k . pink. pink means of a light shade of red. Our Christmas cactus produces
beautiful pink blooms in late December. pint p . i . n . t . pint. pint means a British
imperial capacity measure (liquid or dry) equal to 4 gills or 568.26 cubic centimeters.
A pint of milk. pipe p . i . p . e . pipe. pipe means a tube
with a small bowl at one end; used for smoking tobacco. Our water pipes burst during the
cold weather last month. pitch p . i . t . c . h . pitch. pitch means
the property of sound that varies with variation in the frequency of vibration. This whistle
has a very high pitch that only dogs can hear.
place p . l . a . c . e . place. place means a point located with respect to surface features
of some region. This is a nice place for a picnic.
take place. take place. take place means to happen, especially after being planned or
arranged. The wedding will take place at the end of October.
plain p . l . a . i . n . plain. plain means clearly revealed to the mind or the senses
or judgment. It is plain that he is no reactionary. plan p . l . a . n . plan. plan means a series
of steps to be carried out or goals to be accomplished. They discussed plans for a new
bond issue. planning p . l . a . n . n . i . n . g . planning.
planning means an act of formulating a program for a definite course of action. The planning
was more fun than the trip itself. plane p . l . a . n . e . plane. plane means
an aircraft that has a fixed wing and is powered by propellers or jets. The flight was delayed
due to trouble with the plane. planet p . l . a . n . e . t . planet. planet
means any of the nine large celestial bodies in the solar system that revolve around the
sun and shine by reflected light. Is there any intelligent life living on this planet?
plant p . l . a . n . t . plant. plant means a living thing that grows in the earth and
usually has a stem, leaves and roots, especially one that is smaller than a tree or bush. All
plants need light and water. plastic p . l . a . s . t . i . c . plastic.
plastic means generic name for certain synthetic or semisynthetic materials that can be molded
or extruded into objects or films or filaments or used for making coatings and adhesives.
Almost all pop bottles are made out of plastic these days.
plate p . l . a . t . e . plate. plate means a sheet of metal or wood or glass or plastic.
You'd better throw that plate away. platform p . l . a . t . f . o . r . m . platform.
platform means a raised horizontal surface. The speaker mounted the platform.
play p . l . a . y . play. play means participate in games or sport. We played hockey all afternoon.
player p . l . a . y . e . r . player. player means a person who participates in or is skilled
at some game. Zack is an amateur player who performs like a true professional.
pleasant p . l . e . a . s . a . n . t . pleasant. pleasant means affording pleasure; being in
harmony with your taste or likings. We had a pleasant evening together.
pleasantly p . l . e . a . s . a . n . t . l . y . pleasantly. pleasantly means in a cheerful
manner. I'll do the dishes. He said pleasantly. unpleasant u . n . p . l . e . a . s . a . n
. t . unpleasant. unpleasant means in an unpleasant manner. He had been unpleasantly
surprised. please p . l . e . a . s . e . please. please
means give pleasure to or be pleasing to. You say please when you are politely asking
or inviting someone to do something. Can you help us please?
pleased p . l . e . a . s . e . d . pleased. pleased means feeling pleasurable satisfaction
over something by which you measures your self-worth. The industrial sector is quite
pleased with the government's new policy. pleasure p . l . e . a . s . u . r . e . pleasure.
pleasure means a fundamental feeling that is hard to define but that people desire to
experience.he was tingling with pleasure. plenty p . l . e . n . t . y . plenty. plenty
means a large number or amount or extent. He made a plenty on the stock market.
plot p . l . o . t . plot. plot means a small area of ground covered by specific vegetation.
He owns a small plot of land on the shores of Lake Ontario.
plug p . l . u . g . plug. plug means electrical device that fits into the cylinder head of
an internal-combustion engine and ignites the gas by means of an electric spark. We
can't put a lamp in the hallway because there is no outlet to plug it in.
plus p . l . u . s . plus. plus means on the positive side or higher end of a scale. Temperature
of plus 5 degrees. pocket p . o . c . k . e . t . pocket. pocket
means a small pouch inside a garment for carrying small articles. We weren't allowed to use
our pocket calculators during the math test. poem p . o . e . m . poem. poem means a composition
written in metrical feet forming rhythmical lines. Each student had to memorize ten verses
from the poem as homework. poetry p . o . e . t . r . y . poetry. poetry
means literature in metrical form. I like poetry that rhymes.
point p . o . i . n . t . point. point means a geometric element that has position but
no extension. A point is defined by its coordinates. pointed p . o . i . n . t . e . d . pointed.
pointed means direct and obvious in meaning or reference; often unpleasant. A pointed
allusion to what was going on. poison p . o . i . s . o . n . poison. poison
means any substance that causes injury or illness or death of a living organism. The poison of
a sea anemone paralyzes its prey. poisonous p . o . i . s . o . n . o . u . s
. poisonous. poisonous means having the qualities or effects of a poison. A large cloud of poisonous
gas. pole p . o . l . e . pole. pole means a long
(usually round) rod of wood or metal or plastic. The kitten climbed up the telephone pole and
couldn't get down. police p . o . l . i . c . e . police. police
means the force of policemen and officers. The police are also looking for a second car.
policy p . o . l . i . c . y . policy. policy means a line of argument rationalizing the
course of action of a government. They debated the policy or impolicy of the proposed legislation.
polish p . o . l . i . s . h . polish. polish means the property of being smooth and shiny.
He polished his new car until it was gleaming. polite p . o . l . i . t . e . polite. polite
means showing regard for others in manners, speech, behavior, etc. The teacher emphasized
to the children the importance of being polite to each other.
politely p . o . l . i . t . e . l . y . politely. politely means in a polite manner. The policeman
answered politely. `Now look here, lady. political p . o . l . i . t . i . c . a . l
. political. political means involving or characteristic of politics or parties or politicians.
The governor is fighting for his political life as a result of the recent scandal.
politically p . o . l . i . t . i . c . a . l . l . y . politically. politically meanswith
regard to social relationships involving authority. Women were becoming more politically active.
politician p . o . l . i . t . i . c . i . a . n . politician. politician means a leader
engaged in civil administration. A small terrorist group has claimed responsibility for the assassination
of a leading politician today. politics p . o . l . i . t . i . c . s . politics.
politics means social relations involving authority or power. Pearson once suggested
that politics is the skilled use of blunt objects.
pollution p . o . l . l . u . t . i . o . n . pollution. pollution means undesirable state
of the natural environment being contaminated with harmful substances as a consequence of
human activities. Noise pollution is a serious problem in many large cities.
pool p . o . o . l . pool. pool means an excavation that is (usually) filled with water. Marly
jumped off the highest diving board at the pool today.
poor p . o . o . r . poor. poor means deserving or inciting pity. having little money or few
possessions. The proverbial poor artist living in a garret.
pop p . o . p . pop. pop means music of general appeal to teenagers; a bland watered-down
version of rock'n'roll with more rhythm and harmony and an emphasis on romantic love.
His newest recording amply demonstrates his talent for writing hit pop songs.
popular p . o . p . u . l . a . r . popular. popular means regarded with great favor, approval,
or affection especially by the general public. Cabbage patch dolls are no longer popular.
population p . o . p . u . l . a . t . i . o . n . population. population means the people
who inhabit a territory or state. The population seemed to be well fed and clothed.
port p . o . r . t . port. port means a place (seaport or airport) where people and merchandise
can enter or leave a country. The fishing boats were gathered in the port to wait
out the storm. pose p . o . s . e . pose. pose means assume
a posture as for artistic purposes. We don't know the woman who posed for Leonardo so often.
position p . o . s . i . t . i . o . n . position. position means the particular portion of space
occupied by something. He put the lamp back in its position.
positive p . o . s . i . t . i . v . e . positive. positive means characterized by or displaying
affirmation or acceptance or certainty etc. The reviews were all positive.
possess p . o . s . s . e . s . s . possess. possess means have as an attribute, knowledge,
or skill. He possesses great knowledge about the Middle East.
possession p . o . s . s . e . s . s . i . o . n . possession. possession means the act
of having and controlling property. The police busted him for possession of marijuana.
possibility p . o . s . s . i . b . i . l . i . t . y . possibility. possibility means
capability of existing or happening or being true. There is a possibility that his sense
of smell has been impaired. possible p . o . s . s . i . b . l . e . possible.
possible means capable of happening or existing. A breakthrough may be possible next year.
possibly p . o . s . s . i . b . l . y . possibly. possibly means by chance. with a possibility
of becoming actual. We may possibly run into them at the concert.
post p . o . s . t . post. post means the position where someone (as a guard or sentry)
stands or is assigned to stand. A soldier manned the entrance post.
post office. post office. post office means the national organization that is responsible
for postal services. Turning to the left, you will find the post office.
pot p . o . t . pot. pot means metal or earthenware cooking vessel that is usually round and deep;
often has a handle and lid. She brewed a fresh pot of coffee for her guests.
potato p . o . t . a . t . o . potato. potatoes are quite round vegetables with brown or red
skins and white insides. They grow under the ground. When I was young, I appeared in a
television commercial for potato chips. potential p . o . t . e . n . t . i . a . l
. potential. potential means existing in possibility. Sophie definitely has great potential as
a graphic artist. potentially p . o . t . e . n . t . i . a
. l . l . y . potentially. potentially means with a possibility of becoming actual. He
is potentially dangerous. poverty p . o . v . e . r . t . y . poverty.
poverty means the state of having little or no money and few or no material possessions.
Lack of education is still the main cause of poverty in the region.
pound p . o . u . n . d . pound. pound means a unit of weight used mainly in Britain, America,
and other countries where English is spoken. Equal to 16 ounces. He got a hernia when he
tried to lift 100 pounds. pour p . o . u . r . pour. pour means cause
to run. Pour water over the floor. powder p . o . w . d . e . r . powder. powder
means a solid substance in the form of tiny loose particles; a solid that has been pulverized.
Don't put too much cocoa powder in your milk or it will be too thick.
power p . o . w . e . r . power. power means possession of controlling influence. The power
of his love saved her. powerful p . o . w . e . r . f . u . l . powerful.
powerful means having great power or force or potency or effect. The most powerful government
in western Europe. practical p . r . a . c . t . i . c . a . l
. practical. practical means concerned with actual use or practice. The idea had no practical
application. practically p . r . a . c . t . i . c . a
. l . l . y . practically. practically means almost; nearly. in a practical manner. Practically
the first thing I saw when I got off the train. practice p . r . a . c . t . i . c . e . practice.
practice means a customary way of operation or behavior. It is their practice to give
annual raises. praise p . r . a . i . s . e . praise. praise
means an expression of approval and commendation. He always appreciated praise for his work.
prayer p . r . a . y . e . r . prayer. prayer means the act of communicating with a deity
especially as a petition or in adoration or contrition or thanksgiving. The priest sank
to his knees in prayer. precise p . r . e . c . i . s . e . precise.
precise means sharply exact or accurate or delimited. The precise location of the wreck
was discovered in 1988. precisely p . r . e . c . i . s . e . l . y
. precisely. precisely means indicating exactness or preciseness. He was doing precisely what
she had told him to do. predict p . r . e . d . i . c . t . predict.
predict means make a prediction about; tell in advance. I don't believe that fortune-tellers
can predict the future. prefer p . r . e . f . e . r . prefer. prefer
means like better; value more highly. Some people prefer camping to staying in hotels.
preference p . r . e . f . e . r . e . n . c . e . preference. preference means a strong
liking. My own preference is for good literature. pregnant p . r . e . g . n . a . n . t . pregnant.
pregnant means carrying developing offspring within the body or being about to produce
new life. Our cat is pregnant again, and she just had kittens about four months ago.
premises p . r . e . m . i . s . e . s . premises. premises means land and the buildings on it.
Bread is baked on the premises. preparation p . r . e . p . a . r . a . t
. i . o . n . preparation. preparation means the activity of putting or setting in order
in advance of some act or purpose. Preparations for the ceremony had begun.
prepare p . r . e . p . a . r . e . prepare. prepare means make ready or suitable or equip
in advance for a particular purpose or for some use, event, etc. Many elite athletes
practice visualization techniques to prepare for a competition.
prepared p . r . e . p . a . r . e . d . prepared. prepared means made ready or fit or suitable
beforehand. The government should have been better prepared.
presence p . r . e . s . e . n . c . e . presence. presence meansthe state of being present;
current existence. He tested for the presence of radon.
present p . r . e . s . e . n . t . present. present means the period of time that is happening
now; any continuous stretch of time including the moment of speech. He lives in the present
with no thought of tomorrow. presentation p . r . e . s . e . n . t . a
. t . i . o . n . presentation. presentation means the act of making something publicly
available; presenting news or other information by broadcasting or printing it. He prepared
his presentation carefully in advance. preserve p . r . e . s . e . r . v . e . preserve.
preserve means keep or maintain in unaltered condition; cause to remain or last. People
are calling on the government to preserve this virgin forest as a park.
president p . r . e . s . i . d . e . n . t . president. president means an executive
officer of a firm or corporation. The President handled himself admirably during the crisis.
press p . r . e . s . s . press. press means newspaper writers and photographers. The chief
of police held a press conference to announce the capture of the murderer.
pressure p . r . e . s . s . u . r . e . pressure. pressure means the act of pressing; the exertion
of pressure. He used pressure to stop the bleeding.
presumably p . r . e . s . u . m . a . b . l . y . presumably. presumably means by reasonable
assumption. Presumably, he missed the train. pretend p . r . e . t . e . n . d . pretend.
pretend means make believe with the intent to deceive. You knew I was angry with you;
don't pretend you didn't. pretty p . r . e . t . t . y . pretty. pretty
means pleasing by delicacy or grace; not imposing. She is quite pretty, but looks unhealthy.
prevent p . r . e . v . e . n . t . prevent. prevent means prevent from doing something
or being in a certain state. We must prevent the cancer from spreading.
previous p . r . e . v . i . o . u . s . previous. previous means too soon or too hasty. Just
preceding something else in time or order. Our condemnation of him was a bit previous.
previously p . r . e . v . i . o . u . s . l . y . previously. previously means at an earlier
time or formerly. He was previously president of a bank.
price p . r . i . c . e . price. price means the amount of money needed to purchase something.
The price of gasoline. pride p . r . i . d . e . pride. pride means
satisfaction with your or another's achievements. He takes pride in his son's success.
priest p . r . i . e . s . t . priest. priest means a clergyman in Christian churches who
has the authority to perform or administer various religious rites; one of the Holy Orders.
The little boy made his confession to the priest, who told him he was forgiven.
primary p . r . i . m . a . r . y . primary. primary means of first rank or importance
or value; direct and immediate rather than secondhand. The primary reason he has done
so well at school is that he works incredibly hard.
primarily p . r . i . m . a . r . i . l . y . primarily. primarily means for the most
part. of primary import. This is primarily a question of economics.
prime p . r . i . m . e . prime. prime means the period of greatest prosperity or productivity.
Prime office space in this city is extremely hard to come by.
prince p . r . i . n . c . e . prince. prince means a male member of a royal family other
than the sovereign especially the son of a sovereign. The witch put a curse on the princess
to make her sleep until a prince awoke her with a kiss.
princess p . r . i . n . c . e . s . s . princess. princess means a female member of a royal
family other than the queen especially the daughter of a sovereign. The Princess stopped
to wave to the adoring crowd as she got into the car.
principal p . r . i . n . c . i . p . a . l . principal. principal means most important
element. The principal rivers of America. principle p . r . i . n . c . i . p . l . e
. principle. principle means a basic generalization that is accepted as true and that can be used
as a basis for reasoning or conduct. Their principles of composition characterized all
their works. print p . r . i . n . t . print. print means
put into print. These news should not be printed. printer p . r . i . n . t . e . r . printer.
printer means someone whose occupation is printing. Computer science an output device
that prints the results of data processing. We can put your printer adjacent to your computer
on the table here. prior p . r . i . o . r . prior. prior means
earlier in time. Home computers were virtually unknown prior to 1980.
priority p . r . i . o . r . i . t . y . priority. priority means status established in order
of importance or urgency. The main priority of this government is to get the economy back
in good shape. prison p . r . i . s . o . n . prison. prison
means a correctional institution where persons are confined while on trial or for punishment.
While in prison, the inmate took university courses, and eventually earned a law degree.
prisoner p . r . i . s . o . n . e . r . prisoner. prisoner means a person who is confined; especially
a prisoner of war. The prisoner tried to escape across the border while out on bail.
private p . r . i . v . a . t . e . private. private means confined to particular persons
or groups or providing privacy. The former President is now a private citizen.
privately p . r . i . v . a . t . e . l . y . privately. privately means kept private
or confined to those intimately concerned. It was discussed privately between the two
men. prize p . r . i . z . e . prize. prize means
something given for victory or superiority in a contest or competition or for winning
a lottery. The prize was a free trip to Europe. probably p . r . o . b . a . b . l . y . probably.
probably means with considerable certainty; without much doubt. He is probably out of
the country. problem p . r . o . b . l . e . m . problem.
problem means a state of difficulty that needs to be resolved. She and her husband are having
problems. procedure p . r . o . c . e . d . u . r . e
. procedure. procedure means a particular course of action intended to achieve a result.
The procedure of obtaining a driver's license. proceed p . r . o . c . e . e . d . proceed.
proceed means move ahead; travel onward in time or space. We proceeded towards Washington.
process p . r . o . c . e . s . s . process. process means a particular course of action
intended to achieve a result. It was a process of trial and error.
produce p . r . o . d . u . c . e . produce. produce means bring forth or yield. create
or manufacture a man-made product. We produce more cars than we can sell.
producer p . r . o . d . u . c . e . r . producer. producer means someone who manufactures something.
The producer of that movie is well-known in France.
product p . r . o . d . u . c . t . product. product means commodities offered for sale.
That store offers a variety of products. production p . r . o . d . u . c . t . i . o
. n . production. production means manufacturing or mining or growing something usually in
large quantities for sale. He introduced more efficient methods of production.
profession p . r . o . f . e . s . s . i . o . n . profession. profession means the body
of people in a learned occupation. The news spread rapidly through the medical profession.
professional p . r . o . f . e . s . s . i . o . n . a . l . professional. professional
means engaged in a profession or engaging in as a profession or means of livelihood.
The professional man or woman possesses distinctive qualifications.
professor p . r . o . f . e . s . s . o . r . professor. professor means someone who is
a member of the faculty at a college or university. I don't think it is really appropriate to
ask your professor how much he earns. profile p . r . o . f . i . l . e . profile.
profile means an analysis often in graphical form representing the extent to which something
exhibits various characteristics. A psychological profile of serial killers.
profit p . r . o . f . i . t . profit. profit means the excess of revenues over outlays
in a given period of time including depreciation and other non-cash expenses. Our global economy
now functions primarily to produce profit for large corporations.
program p . r . o . g . r . a . m . program. program means a system of projects or services
intended to meet a public need. He proposed an elaborate program of public works.
progress p . r . o . g . r . e . s . s . progress. progress means gradual improvement or growth
or development. Great progress in the arts. project p . r . o . j . e . c . t . project.
project means any piece of work that is undertaken or attempted. Our next project for our house
is to build a new balcony. promise p . r . o . m . i . s . e . promise.
promise means a verbal commitment by one person to another agreeing to do or not to do something
in the future. The little boy promised his mother that he would come straight home after
school. promote p . r . o . m . o . t . e . promote.
promote means contribute to the progress or growth of. I am promoting the use of computers
in the classroom. promotion p . r . o . m . o . t . i . o . n
. promotion. promotion means act of raising in rank or position. I have to set up a budget
for sales promotion. prompt p . r . o . m . p . t . prompt. prompt
means according to schedule or without delay. She bought a new umbrella, and promptly lost
it. promptly p . r . o . m . p . t . l . y . promptly.
promptly means with little or no delay. The rescue squad arrived promptly.
pronounce p . r . o . n . o . u . n . c . e . pronounce. pronounce means speak, pronounce,
or utter in a certain way. She pronounces French words in a funny way.
pronunciation p . r . o . n . u . n . c . i . a . t . i . o . n . pronunciation. pronunciation
means the way a word or a language is customarily spoken. The pronunciation of Chinese is difficult
for foreigners. proof p . r . o . o . f . proof. proof means
any factual evidence that helps to establish the truth of something. If you have any proof
for what you say, now is the time to produce it.
proper p . r . o . p . e . r . proper. proper means marked by suitability or rightness or
appropriateness. My video camera isn't working properly; the image is all dark.
property p . r . o . p . e . r . t . y . property. property means something owned; any tangible
or intangible possession that is owned by someone. These books are the property of
the English Language Center. proportion p . r . o . p . o . r . t . i . o
. n . proportion. proportion means the quotient obtained when the magnitude of a part is divided
by the magnitude of the whole. A building of vast proportions.
proposal p . r . o . p . o . s . a . l . proposal. proposal means something proposed. In other
words, she wants to refuse the proposal. propose p . r . o . p . o . s . e . propose.
propose means make a proposal, declare a plan for something. I propose that we continue
this discussion at our next meeting. prospect p . r . o . s . p . e . c . t . prospect.
prospect means the possibility of future success. His prospects as a writer are excellent.
protect p . r . o . t . e . c . t . protect. protect means shield from danger, injury,
destruction, or damage. Weatherbeater protects your roof from the rain.
protection p . r . o . t . e . c . t . i . o . n . protection. protection means the activity
of protecting someone or something. The witnesses demanded police protection.
protest p . r . o . t . e . s . t . protest. protest means a formal and solemn declaration
of objection. The senator rose to register his protest.
proud p . r . o . u . d . proud. proud means feeling self-respect or pleasure in something
by which you measure your self-worth; or being a reason for pride. He is proud of the fact
that he has never consulted a doctor in his life.
proudly p . r . o . u . d . l . y . proudly. proudly means in a proud manner. He walked
proudly into town. prove p . r . o . v . e . prove. prove means
be shown or be found to be. She proved to be right.
provide p . r . o . v . i . d . e . provide. provide means provide what is desired or needed,
especially support, food or sustenance. The hostess provided lunch for all the guests.
provided p . r . o . v . i . d . e . d . provided. provided means something will only be possible
if something else happens or is done. He can come with us, provided he pays for his own
meals. pt p . t . pt. pt is a written abbreviation
for pint. 1 pt single cream. public p . u . b . l . i . c . public. public
means not private; open to or concerning the people as a whole. Performers and members
of royal families are public figures. in public in public. in public means in a
manner accessible to or observable by the public; openly. She admitted in public to
being a communist. publicly p . u . b . l . i . c . l . y . publicly.
publicly means by the public or the people generally. Publicly provided medical care.
publication p . u . b . l . i . c . a . t . i . o . n . publication. publication means
a copy of a printed work offered for distribution. Make sure that you note the author and publication of
any references you use in your essay. publicity p . u . b . l . i . c . i . t . y
. publicity. publicity means a message issued in behalf of some product or cause or idea
or person or institution. The publicity of new ideas.
publish p . u . b . l . i . s . h . publish. publish means put into print. The newspaper
published the news of the royal couple's divorce. publishing p . u . b . l . i . s . h . i . n
. g . publishing. publishing means the business of issuing printed matter for sale or distribution.
After publishing a new book, authors usually go on a lecture circuit to help increase sales.
pull p . u . l . l . pull. pull means the act of pulling; applying force to move something
toward or with you. The pull up the hill had him breathing harder.
punch p . u . n . c . h . punch. punch means deliver a quick blow to. He punched me in
the stomach. punish p . u . n . i . s . h . punish. punish
means impose a penalty on; inflict punishment on. We had to punish the dog for soiling the
floor again. punishment p . u . n . i . s . h . m . e . n
. t . punishment. punishment means the act of punishing. We held a debate in class about
capital punishment today. purchase p . u . r . c . h . a . s . e . purchase.
purchase means the acquisition of something for payment. They closed the purchase with
a handshake. pure p . u . r . e . pure. pure means free
of extraneous elements of any kind. The violin's pure and lovely song.
purely p . u . r . e . l . y . purely. purely means restricted to something. It sounds real,
but it is purely from the writer's imagination. purple p . u . r . p . l . e . purple. purple
means of a color intermediate between red and blue. A purple carpet will not go with
this red curtain. purpose p . u . r . p . o . s . e . purpose.
purpose means an anticipated outcome that is intended or that guides your planned actions.
His purpose was to provide a new translation. on purpose on purpose. on purpose means with
intention; in an intentional manner. You make it sound as if I did it on purpose!
pursue p . u . r . s . u . e . pursue. pursue means carry out or participate in an activity;
be involved in. She pursued many activities. push p . u . s . h . push. push means the
act of applying force in order to move something away. He gave the door a hard push.
put p . u . t . put. put means put into a certain place or abstract location. Put your
things here. put sth on put sth on. put sth on means make
a light or a piece of equipment start working by pressing or turning a button or switch.
Shall I put the kettle on? put sth out put sth out. put sth out means
place them somewhere ready to be used. I slowly unpacked the teapot and put it out on the
table. Thanks for watching! This is all for section
16: Words starting with P. You can move on to section 17 : Words starting with Q. We'll
see you next time. Goodbye!