English Vocabulary Words With Meaning: the Oxford 3000: Words Starting with C - Free English Lesson

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Welcome to the Oxford 3000 essential words program. Now, let's start learning English.

Section 3: Letter C. c c c in this case is the written abbreviation

of cent. A fractional monetary unit of several countries. We haven't got a cent.

cabinet c . a . b . i . n . e . t . cabinet. cabinet means a piece of furniture resembling

a cupboard with doors and shelves and drawers. A medicine cabinet.

cable c . a . b . l . e . cable. cable means a telegram sent abroad. A 10000 volt cable.

cake c . a . k . e . cake. cake means a soft sweet food made from or based on a mixture

of flour and sugar and eggs. A chocolate cake. calculate c . a . l . c . u . l . a . t . e

. calculate. calculate means make a mathematical calculation or computation. We haven't really

calculated the cost of the vacation yet. calculation c . a . l . c . u . l . a . t

. i . o . n . calculation. calculation means the procedure of calculating. The calculation

of their assets. call c . a . l . l . call. call means a telephone

connection. He placed a phone call to London. be called be called. be called means given

or having a specified name. A building in Cardiff is called the Temple of Peace.

calm c . a . l . m . calm. calm means not agitated; without losing self-possession.

Spoke in a calm voice calmly c . a . l . m . l . y . calmly. calmly

means with self-possession. He spoke calmly to the rioting students.

camera c . a . m . e . r . a . camera. camera means equipment for taking photographs. They

make a video with their camera. camp c . a . m . p . camp. camp means temporary

living quarters specially built by the army for soldiers. Live in or as if in a tent.

Wherever he went in the camp the men were grumbling. Can we go camping again this summer?

campaign c . a . m . p . a . i . g . n . campaign. campaign means a series of actions advancing

a principle or tending toward a particular end. He supported populist campaigns.

can c . a . n . can. can means it is possible for somebody or something to do something.

Airtight sealed metal container for food or drink or paint. Can you call back tomorrow?

cannot c . a . n . n . o . t . cannot. cannot is a negative form of can. Mrs. Armstrong

regrets that she cannot accept your kind invitation. could c . o . u . l . d . could. could is

used as the past tense of can to say what someone was able to do in the past. By the

time she was eight, she could read Greek and Latin.

cancel c . a . n . c . e . l . cancel. cancel means postpone indefinitely or annul something

that was scheduled. We had to cancel our vacation plans.

cancer c . a . n . c . e . r . cancer. cancer means any malignant growth or tumor caused

by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division. The cancer has spread to his stomach.

candidate c . a . n . d . i . d . a . t . e . candidate. candidate means a politician

who is running for public office. A presidential candidate.

candy c . a . n . d . y . candy. candy means a rich sweet made of flavored sugar and often

combined with fruit or nuts. A box of candies. cap c . a . p . cap. cap means a tight-fitting

headdress. A school cap. capable c . a . p . a . b . l . e . capable.

capable means having capacity or ability. Capable of walking on two feet.

capacity c . a . p . a . c . i . t . y . capacity. capacity means ability to perform or produce.

The capacity of a metal to be fused. capital c . a . p . i . t . a . l . capital.

capital means the most important town or city of a country. Cairo is the capital of Egypt.

captain c . a . p . t . a . i . n . captain. captain means an officer holding a rank below

a major but above a lieutenant. The captain gave the order to abandon ship.

capture c . a . p . t . u . r . e . capture. capture means succeed in representing or expressing

something intangible. Capture the essence of Spring.

car c . a . r . car. car means a motor vehicle with four wheels. He needs a car to get to

work. card c . a . r . d . card. card means one

of a set of small pieces of stiff paper marked in various ways and used for playing games

or for telling fortunes. He collected cards and traded them with the other boys.

care c . a . r . e . care. care means the work of providing treatment for or attending

to someone or something. Feel concern or interest. The old car needs constant care. I really

care about my work. take care take care. take care means be careful,

prudent, or watchful. Take care when you cross the street!

care for care for. care for means provide treatment for. The nurses cared for the bomb

victims. career c . a . r . e . e . r . career. career

means the general progression of your working or professional life. He had a long career

in the law. careful c . a . r . e . f . u . l . careful.

careful means exercising caution or showing care or attention. They were careful when

crossing the busy street. carefully c . a . r . e . f . u . l . l . y

. carefully. carefully means taking care or paying attention. They watched carefully.

careless c . a . r . e . l . e . s . s . careless. careless means marked by lack of attention

or consideration or forethought or thoroughness. It was a careless mistake.

carelessly c . a . r . e . l . e . s . s . l . y . carelessly. carelessly means without

care or concern. Carelessly raised the children's hopes without thinking of their possible disappointment.

carpet c . a . r . p . e . t . carpet. carpet means floor covering consisting of a piece

of thick heavy fabric. My bedroom carpet is green.

carrot c . a . r . r . o . t . carrot. carrot means deep orange edible root of the cultivated

carrot plant. A pound of carrots. carry c . a . r . r . y . carry. carry means

move while supporting, either in a vehicle or in one's hands or on one's body. You must

carry your camping gear. case c . a . s . e . case. case means an occurrence

of something. It was a case of bad judgment. in case in case. in case means if there happens

to be need. I have money, just in case. cash c . a . s . h . cash. cash means money

in the form of bills or coins. There is a desperate shortage of hard cash.

cast c . a . s . t . cast. cast means the actors in a play. Put or send forth. Cast

a spell. castle c . a . s . t . l . e . castle. castle

means a large and stately mansion. A medieval castle.

cat c . a . t . cat. cat means feline mammal usually having thick soft fur and no ability

to roar. The big cats. catch c . a . t . c . h . . catch. catch means

discover or come upon accidentally. perceive with the senses quickly. She caught her son

eating candy. category c . a . t . e . g . o . r . y . category.

category means a collection of things sharing a common attribute. There are two classes

of detergents. cause c . a . u . s . e . cause. cause means

events that provide the generative force that is the origin of something. Give rise to.

They are trying to determine the cause of the crash. Cause a commotion.

CD C . D . CD. CD means a digitally encoded recording on an optical disk that is smaller

than a phonograph record. He bought the CD after hearing 10-second clips of each of the

songs on the Internet. cease c . e . a . s . e . cease. cease means

at one o'clock the rain had ceased. At one o'clock the rain had ceased.

ceiling c . e . i . l . i . n . g . ceiling. ceiling means the overhead upper surface of

a room. He hated painting the ceiling. celebrate c . e . l . e . b . r . a . t . e

. celebrate. celebrate means celebrate, as of holidays or rites. Celebrate Christmas.

celebration c . e . l . e . b . r . a . t . i . o . n . celebration. celebration means

a joyful occasion for special festivities to mark some happy event.the celebration of

marriage. cell c . e . l . l . cell. cell means any

small compartment. The cells of a honeycomb. cell phone

cell phone. cell phone means is an electronic telecommunications device with the same basic

capability as a conventional fixed line telephone. He has bought a new cell phone.

cent c . e . n . t . cent. cent means a fractional monetary unit of several countries. We haven't

got a cent. center c . e . n . t . e . r . center. center

means an area that is approximately central within some larger region. It is in the center

of town. cm c . m . cm. cm is the written abbreviation

for centimetre or centimetres. A metric unit of length equal to one hundredth of a meter.

He has grown 3 cm this year. central c . e . n . t . r . a . l . central.

central means serving as an essential component. The central cause of the problem.

century c . e . n . t . u . r . y . century. century means a period of 100 years. Solid

blocks of tea were used as currency in Siberia until the 19th century.

ceremony c . e . r . e . m . o . n . y . ceremony. Ceremony means a formal event performed on

a special occasion. A ceremony commemorating Pearl Harbor.

certain c . e . r . t . a . i . n . certain. certain means having or feeling no doubt or

uncertainty. Felt certain of success. certainly c . e . r . t . a . i . n . l . y

. certainly. certainly means definitely or positively. The results are certainly encouraging.

uncertain u . n . c . e . r . t . a . i . n . uncertain. uncertain means in an unsteady

manner. The wounded soldier was swinging uncertainly on his legs.

certificate c . e . r . t . i . f . i . c . a . t . e . certificate. certificate means

an official document that you receive when you have completed a course of study or training.

He held several valuable certificate. chain c . h . a . i . n . chain. chain means

a series of things depending on each other as if linked together. The chain of command.

chair c . h . a . i . r . chair. chair means a seat for one person. He put his coat over

the back of the chair and sat down. chairman c . h . a . i . r . m . a . n . chairman.

chairman means the officer who presides at the meetings of an organization. Address your

remarks to the chairman. challenge c . h . a . l . l . e . n . g . e

. challenge. challenge means a demanding or stimulating situation. They reacted irrationally

to the challenge of Russian power. chamber c . h . a . m . b . e . r . chamber.

chamber means a natural or artificial enclosed space. The members left the council chamber.

chance c . h . a . n . c . e . chance. chance means a possibility due to a favorable combination

of circumstances. Now is your chance. change c . h . a . n . g . e . change. change

means an event that occurs when something passes from one state or phase to another.

The change was intended to increase sales. channel c . h . a . n . n . e . l . channel.

channel means a television station and its programs. A satellite TV channel.

chapter c . h . a . p . t . e . r . chapter. chapter means a subdivision of a written work.

He read a chapter every night before falling asleep.

character c . h . a . r . a . c . t . e . r . character. character means an imaginary

person represented in a work of fiction. She is the main character in the novel.

characteristic c . h . a . r . a . c . t . e . r . i . s . t . i .c. characteristic. characteristic

means a prominent aspect of something. Generosity is one of his best characteristics.

charge c . h . a . r . g . e . charge. charge means a pleading describing some wrong or

offense. He was arrested on a charge of larceny. in charge of in charge of. in charge of means

having responsibility for. The officer in charge of the investigation.

charity c . h . a . r . i . t . y . charity. charity means a foundation created to promote

the public good. Many charities sent money to help the victims of the famine.

chart c . h . a . r . t . chart. chart means a visual display of information. Make a chart

of.chart the territory. chase c . h . a . s . e . chase. chase means

go after with the intent to catch. The policeman chased the mugger down the alley.

chat c . h . a . t . chat. chat means an informal conversation. Talk socially without exchanging

too much information. I was chatting to him the other day.

cheap c . h . e . a . p . cheap. cheap means relatively low in price or charging low prices.

It would have been cheap at twice the price cheaply c . h . e . a . p . l . y . cheaply.

cheaply means in a cheap manner. A cheaply dressed woman approached him in the bar.

cheat c . h . e . a . t . cheat. cheat means deprive somebody of something by deceit. Someone

who leads you to believe something that is not true. We were cheated by their clever-sounding

scheme. check c . h . e . c . k .. check. check means

a written order directing a bank to pay money. He paid all his bills by check.

cheek c . h . e . e . k . cheek. cheek means either side of the face below the eyes. He

kissed her on both cheeks. cheerful c . h . e . e . r . f . u . l . cheerful.

cheerful means being full of or promoting cheer. As cheerful as anyone confined to a

hospital bed could be. cheerfully c . h . e . e . r . f . u . l . l

. y . cheerfully. cheerfully means in a cheerful manner. He cheerfully agreed to do it.

cheese c . h . e . e . s . e . cheese. cheese means a solid food prepared from the pressed

curd of milk. A cheese sandwich. chemical c . h . e . m . i . c . a . l . chemical.

chemical means produced by or used in a reaction involving changes in atoms or molecules. Relating

to or used in chemistry. Chemical engineer. chemist c . h . e . m . i . s . t . chemist.

chemist means a scientist who specializes in chemistry. You can obtain the product from

all good chemists. chemistry c . h . e . m . i . s . t . r . y

. chemistry. chemistry means the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition

of substances and their properties and reactions. A degree in chemistry.

chest c . h . e . s . t . chest. chest means box with a lid; used for storage; usually

large and sturdy. A treasure chest. chew c . h . e . w . chew. chew means to bite

food into small pieces in your mouth with your teeth to make it easier to swallow. Chew

your food and don't swallow it! chicken c . h . i . c . k . e . n . chicken.

chicken means a large bird that is often kept for its eggs or meat. They keep chickens in

the back yard. chief c . h . i . e . f . chief. chief means

a person who exercises control over workers. If you want to leave early you have to ask

the chief. child c . h . i . l . d . child. child means

a young person of either sex. She writes books for her child.

childhood c . h . i . l . d . h . o . o . d . childhood. childhood means the time of person's

life when they are a child. She had a wonderful childhood.

chin c . h . i . n . chin. chin means the protruding part of the lower jaw. He rubbed

his chin thoughtfully. chip c . h . i . p . chip. chip means a small

fragment of something broken off from the whole. A chip of rock caught him in the eye.

chocolate c . h . o . c . o . l . a . t . e . chocolate. chocolate means a food made from

roasted ground cacao beans. A chocolate cake. choice c . h . o . i . c . e . choice. choice

means the person or thing chosen or selected. He was my choice for mayor.

choose c . h . o . o . s . e . choose. choose means pick out, select, or choose from a number

of alternatives. Choose a good husband for your daughter.

chop c . h . o . p . chop. chop means cut into pieces. Chop meat.

church c . h . u . r . c . h . church. church means a building where Christians go to worship.

A church tower. cigarette c . i . g . a . r . e . t . t . e

. cigarette. cigarette means finely ground tobacco wrapped in paper for smoking. To light

a cigarette. circle c . i . r . c . l . e . circle. circle

means ellipse in which the two axes are of equal length. He calculated the circumference

of the circle. circumstance c . i . r . c . u . m . s . t

. a . n . c . e . circumstance. circumstance means a condition that accompanies or influences

some event or activity. The company reserves the right to cancel this agreement in certain

circumstances. citizen c . i . t . i . z . e . n . citizen.

citizen means a native or naturalized member of a state or other political community. She's

Italian by birth but is now an Australian citizen.

city c . i . t . y . city. city means a large and densely populated urban area. Ancient

Troy was a great city. civil c . i . v . i . l . civil. civil means

occurring within the state or between or among citizens of the state. Civil branches of government.

claim c . l . a . i . m . claim. claim means assert or affirm strongly. An assertion of

a right.He claimed that he killed the burglar. His claim asked for damages.

class c . l . a . s . s . class. class means people having the same social or economic

status. An emerging professional class. classic c . l . a . s . s . i . c . classic.

classic means characteristic of the classical artistic and literary traditions. A classic

novel. classroom c . l . a . s . s . r . o . o . m

. classroom. classroom means a room in a school where lessons take place. The use of computers

in the classroom. clean c . l . e . a . n . clean. clean means

free from dirt or impurities. Make clean by removing dirt.children with clean shining

faces. The dentist cleaned my teeth. clear c . l . e . a . r . clear. clear means

clear to the mind. Become clear. A clear explanation. The sky cleared after the storm.

clearly c . l . e . a . r . l . y . clearly. clearly means without doubt or question. They

were clearly lost. clerk c . l . e . r . k . clerk. clerk means

someone who keeps records or accounts in an office. A clerk in a commercial firm.

click c . l . i . c . k . click. click means move or strike with a noise. Depression of

a button on a computer mouse. He clicked on the light.

client c . l . i . e . n . t . client. client means someone who pays for goods or services.

The company required clients to pay substantial fees in advance.

climate c . l . i . m . a . t . e . climate. climate means the weather in some location

averaged over some long period of time. The dank climate of southern Wales.

climb c . l . i . m . b . climb. climb means go upward with gradual or continuous progress.

Did you ever climb up the hill behind your house?

clock c . l . o . c . k . clock. clock means a timepiece that shows the time of day. It

was ten past six by the kitchen clock. close c . l . o . s . e . close. close means

the temporal end. They were playing better at the close of the season.

closely c . l . o . s . e . l . y . closely. closely means in a close relation or position

in time or space. The onsets were closely timed.

closet c . l . o . s . e . t . closet. closet means a small room or cabinet used for storage

space. A closet full of beautiful clothes. cloth c . l . o . t . h . cloth. cloth means

artifact made by weaving or felting or knitting or crocheting natural or synthetic fibers.

Woven cloth originated in Mesopotamia around 5000 BC.

clothes c . l . o . t . h . e . s . clothes. clothes means clothing in general. He always

bought his clothes at the same store. clothing c . l . o . t . h . i . n . g . clothing.

clothing means a covering designed to be worn on a person's body. The high cost of food,

clothing and shelter. cloud c . l . o . u . d . cloud. cloud means

any collection of particles or gases that is visible. The sun went behind a cloud.

club c . l . u . b . club. club means a formal association of people with similar interests.

He joined a golf club. centimeter c . e . n . t . i . m . e . t . e

. r . centimeter. centimeter means a metric unit of length equal to one hundredth of a

meter. He has grown three centimeters this year.

coach c . o . a . c . h . coach. coach means a person who gives private instruction. A

maths coach. coal c . o . a . l . coal. coal means a hard

black mineral that is burnt to produce heat. I put more coal on the fire.

coast c . o . a . s . t . coast. coast means the shore of a sea or ocean. Islands off the

west coast of Ireland. coat c . o . a . t . coat. coat means an outer

garment that has sleeves and covers the body from shoulder down. I need a new winter coat

. code c . o . d . e . code. code means a set

of numbers, letters, or symbols that shows what something is or gives information about

it. Every item found on the archaeological dig is given a code number .

coffee c . o . f . f . e . e . coffee. coffee means a beverage consisting of an infusion

of ground coffee beans. He ordered a cup of coffee.coin c . o . i . n . coin. coin means

a metal piece used as money. A pound coin. cold c . o . l . d . cold. cold means having

a low or inadequate temperature or feeling a sensation of coldness. If you are cold,

turn up the heat. coldly c . o . l . d . l . y . coldly. coldly

means in a cold unemotional manner. He looked at everybody coldly and sarcastically.

collapse c . o . l . l . a . p . s . e . collapse. collapse means break down, literally or metaphorically.

The business collapsed. colleague c . o . l . l . e . a . g . u . e

. colleague. colleague means a person who is member of your class or profession. The

surgeon consulted his colleagues. collect c . o . l . l . e . c . t . collect.

collect means get or gather together. The young girl were collecting firewood.

collection c . o . l . l . e . c . t . i . o . n . collection. collection means. She is

collecting a lot of data for her thesis. The collection of wristwatches is a hobby.

college c . o . l . l . e . g . e . college. college means an institution of higher education

created to educate and grant degrees. He got interested in politics when he was in college.

color c . o . l . o . r . color. color means a visual attribute of things that results

from the light they emit or transmit or reflect. A white color is made up of many different

wavelengths of light colored c . o . l . o . r . e . d . colored.

colored means having color or a certain color. Colored crepe paper.

column c . o . l . u . m . n . column. column means a line of units following one after

another. Temple is supported by marble columns. combination c . o . m . b . i . n . a . t

. i . o . n . combination. combination means a collection of things that have been combined.

Many course combinations are possible. combine c . o . m . b . i . n . e . combine.

combine means put or add together. Combine resources.

come c . o . m . e . come. come means travel toward something or somebody or approach something

or somebody. Come with me to the Casbah. comedy c . o . m . e . d . y . comedy. comedy

means light and humorous drama with a happy ending. She is watching a comedy film.

comfort c . o . m . f . o . r . t . comfort. comfort means a state of being relaxed and

feeling no pain. He is a man who enjoys his comfort.

comfortable c . o . m . f . o . r . t . a . b . l . e . comfortable. comfortable means

providing or experiencing physical well-being or relief. The antihistamine made her feel

more comfortable. comfortably c . o . m . f . o . r . t . a

. b . l . y . comfortably. comfortably means in mental comfort; without stress. He works

comfortably on three continents. uncomfortable u . n . c . o . m . f . o . r

. t . a . b . l . e . uncomfortable. uncomfortable means conducive to or feeling mental discomfort.

This kind of life can prove disruptive and uncomfortable.

command c . o . m . m . a . n . d . command. command means the power or authority to command.

Be in command of. The general commanded a huge army.

comment c . o . m . m . e . n . t . comment. comment means a statement that expresses a

personal opinion or belief. From time to time she contributed a personal comment on his

account. commercial c . o . m . m . e . r . c . i . a

. l . commercial. commercial means a commercially sponsored ad on radio or television. Connected

with or engaged in or sponsored by or used in commerce or commercial enterprises. Commercial

TV. commission c . o . m . m . i . s . s . i . o

. n . commission. commission means a fee for services rendered based on a percentage of

an amount received or collected or agreed to be paid. He works on commission.

commit c . o . m . m . i . t . commit. commit means give entirely to a specific person.

She committed herself to the work of God. commitment c . o . m . m . i . t . m . e . n

. t . commitment. commitment means the act of binding yourself to a course of action.

His long commitment to public service. committee c . o . m . m . i . t . t . e . e

. committee. committee means a special group delegated to consider some matter. She's on

the management committee. common c . o . m . m . o . n . common. common

means having no special distinction or quality. It is common knowledge that she lives alone.

in common in common. in common means sharing equally with another or others. We have several

things in common. commonly c . o . m . m . o . n . l . y . commonly.

commonly means under normal conditions. Commonly she was late.

communicate c . o . m . m . u . n . i . c . a . t . e . communicate. communicate means

transmit information. Please communicate this message to all employees.

communication c . o . m . m . u . n . i . c . a . t . i . o . n. communication. communication

means the activity of communicating. They could not act without official communication

from Moscow. community c . o . m . m . u . n . i . t . y

. community. community means a group of people living in a particular local area. The team

is drawn from all parts of the community. company c . o . m . p . a . n . y . company.

company means an institution created to conduct business. He only invests in large well-established

companies. compare c . o . m . p . a . r . e . compare.

compare means examine and note the similarities or differences of. We compared notes after

we had both seen the movie. comparison c . o . m . p . a . r . i . s . o

. n . comparison. comparison means examining resemblances or differences. No comparison

between the two books. compete c . o . m . p . e . t . e . compete.

compete means measure oneself against others. Several companies are competing for the contract.

competition c . o . m . p . e . t . i . t . i . o . n . competition. competition means

the act of competing as for profit or a prize. Business competition can be fiendish at times.

competitive c . o . m . p . e . t . i . t . i . v . e . competitive. competitive means

involving competition or competitiveness. To improve one's competitive position.

complain c . o . m . p . l . a . i . n . complain. complain means express complaints, discontent,

displeasure, or unhappiness. My mother complains all day.

complaint c . o . m . p . l . a . i . n . t . complaint. complaint means a reason for

not being satisfied. The most common complaint is about poor service.

complete c . o . m . p . l . e . t . e . complete. complete means come or bring to a finish or

an end. She completed the requirements for her Master's Degree.

completely c . o . m . p . l . e . t . e . l . y . completely. completely means to a complete

degree or to the full or entire extent. It was completely different from what we expected.

complex c . o . m . p . l . e . x . complex. complex means a conceptual whole made up of

complicated and related parts. The complex of shopping malls, houses, and roads created

a new town. complicate c . o . m . p . l . i . c . a . t

. e . complicate. complicate means make more complicated. There was a new development that

complicated the matter. complicated c . o . m . p . l . i . c . a

. t . e . d . complicated. complicated means difficult to analyze or understand. Complicated

Middle East politics. component c . o . m . p . o . n . e . n . t

. component. component means an abstract part of something. Jealousy was a component of

his character. computer c . o . m . p . u . t . e . r . computer.

computer means a machine for performing calculations automatically. A personal computer.

concentrate c . o . n . c . e . n . t . r . a . t . e . concentrate. concentrate means

direct one's attention on something. Please concentrate on your studies and not on your

hobbies. concentration c . o . n . c . e . n . t . r

. a . t . i . o .n . concentration. concentration means the ability to direct all your effort

and attention on one thing. This book requires a great deal of concentration.

concept c . o . n . c . e . p . t . concept. concept means an abstract or general idea

inferred or derived from specific instances. Children basically have no concept of time

until they reach a certain age. concern c . o . n . c . e . r . n . concern.

concern means something that interests you because it is important or affects you. The

safety of the ship is the captain's concern. concerned c . o . n . c . e . r . n . e . d

. concerned. concerned means feeling or showing worry or solicitude. Was concerned about the

future. concerning c . o . n . c . e . r . n . i . n

. g . concerning. concerning means about or relating to. The facts concerning Marr's car

crash. concert c . o . n . c . e . r . t . concert.

concert means a performance of music by players or singers not involving theatrical staging.

The concert attracted both children and adults alike.

conclude c . o . n . c . l . u . d . e . conclude. conclude means decide by reasoning. We concluded

that it was cheaper to rent than to buy a house.

conclusion c . o . n . c . l . u . s . i . o . n . conclusion. conclusion means a position

or opinion or judgment reached after consideration. A conclusion unfavorable to the opposition.

concrete c . o . n . c . r . e . t . e . concrete. concrete means a strong hard building material

composed of sand and gravel and cement and water. A concrete floor.

condition c . o . n . d . i . t . i . o . n . condition. condition means a state at a

particular time. The current condition of the arms negotiations.

conduct c . o . n . d . u . c . t . conduct. conduct means direct the course of; manage

or control. You cannot conduct business like this.

conference c . o . n . f . e . r . e . n . c . e . conference. conference means a large

official meeting. The hotel is used for exhibitions, conferences and social events.

confidence c . o . n . f . i . d . e . n . c . e . confidence. confidence means freedom

from doubt; belief in yourself and your abilities. His confidence in his superiority did not

make him popular. confident c . o . n . f . i . d . e . n . t

. confident. confident means having or marked by confidence or assurance. His manner is

more confident these days. confidently c . o . n . f . i . d . e . n

. t . l . y . confidently. confidently means in a confident manner. We have to do what

is right confidently. confirm c . o . n . f . i . r . m . confirm.

confirm means establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts. His story confirmed

my doubts. conflict c . o . n . f . l . i . c . t . conflict.

conflict means a state of opposition between persons or ideas or interests. His conflict

of interest made him ineligible for the post. confront c . o . n . f . r . o . n . t . confront.

confront means oppose, as in hostility or a competition. You must confront your opponent.

confuse c . o . n . f . u . s . e . confuse. confuse means be confusing or perplexing to;

cause to be unable to think clearly. These questions confuse even the experts.

confusing c . o . n . f . u . s . i . n . g . confusing. confusing means causing confusion

or disorientation. Being hospitalized can be confusing and distressing for a small child.

confused c . o . n . f . u . s . e . d . confused. confused means perplexed by many conflicting

situations or statements. She felt confused on the first day of school.

confusion c . o . n . f . u . s . i . o . n . confusion. confusion means a mental state

characterized by a lack of clear and orderly thought and behavior. A confusion of impressions.

congratulations c . o . n . g . r . a . t . u . l . a . t . i . o .n.s. congratulations.

congratulations means an expression of approval and commendation. He always appreciated congratulations

for his work. congress c . o . n . g . r . e . s . s . congress.

congress means a large formal meeting. International congress of trades unions.

connect c . o . n . n . e . c . t . connect. connect means connect, fasten, or put together

two or more pieces. Can you connect the two loudspeakers?

connection c . o . n . n . e . c . t . i . o . n . connection. connection means a relation

between things or events. There was a connection between eating that pickle and having that

nightmare. conscious c . o . n . s . c . i . o . u . s

. conscious. conscious means knowing and perceiving. Became conscious that he was being followed.

unconscious u . n . c . o . n . s . c . i . o . u . s . unconscious. unconscious means

not conscious; lacking awareness and the capacity for sensory perception as if asleep or dead.

Lay unconscious on the floor. consequence c . o . n . s . e . q . u . e

. n . c . e . consequence. consequence means a phenomenon that follows and is caused by

some previous phenomenon. The magnetic consequence was greater when the rod was lengthwise.

conservative c . o . n . s . e . r . v . a . t . i . v . e . conservative. conservative

means resistant to change. The conservative views of his parents.

consider c . o . n . s . i . d . e . r . consider. consider means think about carefully. You

must consider her age. considerable c . o . n . s . i . d . e . r

. a . b . l . e . considerable. considerable means large or relatively large in number

or amount or extent or degree. The economy was a considerable issue in the campaign.

considerably c . o . n . s . i . d . e . r . a . b . l . y . considerably. considerably

means to a great extent or degree. The house has fallen considerably in value.

consideration c . o . n . s . i . d . e . r . a . t . i . o . n . consideration. consideration

means the process of giving careful thought to something. Consideration of the traffic

problem took more than an hour. consistent c . o . n . s . i . s . t . e . n

. t . consistent. consistent means always behaving in the same way, or having the same

opinions, standards. She's not very consistent in the way she treats her children.

consist c . o . n . s . i . s . t . consist. consist means to be formed from two or more

things or people. The buffet consisted of several different Indian dishes.

constant c . o . n . s . t . a . n . t . constant. constant means continually recurring or continuing

without interruption. Constant repetition of the exercise.

constantly c . o . n . s . t . a . n . t . l . y . constantly. constantly means without

variation or change. Constantly kind and gracious. construct c . o . n . s . t . r . u . c . t

. construct. construct means make by combining materials and parts. Some eccentric constructed

an electric brassiere warmer. construction c . o . n . s . t . r . u . c

. t . i . o . n . construction. construction means the act of constructing something. During

the construction we had to take a detour. consult c . o . n . s . u . l . t . consult.

consult means get or ask advice from. They had to consult before arriving at a decision.

consumer c . o . n . s . u . m . e . r . consumer. consumer means a person who uses goods or

services. A consumer society. contact c . o . n . t . a . c . t . contact.

contact means close interaction. They claimed that they had been in contact with extraterrestrial

beings. contain c . o . n . t . a . i . n . contain.

contain means include or contain; have as a component. The record contains many old

songs from the 1930's. container c . o . n . t . a . i . n . e . r

. container. container means any object that can be used to hold things. Food will last

longer if kept in an airtight container. contemporary c . o . n . t . e . m . p . o

. r . a . r . y . contemporary. contemporary means characteristic of the present. Contemporary

trends in design. content c . o . n . t . e . n . t . content.

content means what a communication that is about something is about. He tipped the contents

of the bag onto the table. contest c . o . n . t . e . s . t . contest.

contest means an occasion on which a winner is selected from among two or more contestants.

To enter a contest. context c . o . n . t . e . x . t . context.

context means the set of facts or circumstances that surround a situation or event. The historical

context. continent c . o . n . t . i . n . e . n . t

. continent. continent means one of the large landmasses of the earth. Pioneers had to cross

the continent on foot. continue c . o . n . t . i . n . u . e . continue.

continue means continue a certain state, condition, or activity. We continued to work into the

night. continuous c . o . n . t . i . n . u . o . u

. s . continuous. continuous means continuing in time or space without interruption. A continuous

line has no gaps or breaks in it. continuously c . o . n . t . i . n . u . o

. u . s . l . y . continuously. continuously means at every point. The function is continuously

differentiable. contract c . o . n . t . r . a . c . t . contract.

contract means a binding agreement between two or more persons that is enforceable by

law. A contract for the supply of vehicles. contrast c . o . n . t . r . a . s . t . contrast.

contrast means the opposition or dissimilarity of things that are compared. There is an obvious

contrast between the cultures of East and West.

contrasting c . o . n . t . r . a . s . t . i . n . g . contrasting. contrasting means

strikingly different; tending to contrast. Contrasting (or contrastive) colors.

contribute c . o . n . t . r . i . b . u . t . e . contribute. contribute means contribute

to some cause. I contributed at the office. contribution c . o . n . t . r . i . b . u

. t . i . o . n . contribution. contribution means any one of a number of individual efforts

in a common endeavor. I am proud of my contribution to the team's success.

control c . o . n . t . r . o . l . control. control means the ability to make someone

or something do what you want. She lost control of her car on the ice.

in control. in control. in control means to direct or manage an organization. He's reached

retiring age, but he's still firmly in control. under control under control. under control

means be being dealt with successfully. Don't worry-everything's under control!

controlled c . o . n . t . r . o . l . l . e . d . controlled. controlled means restrained

or managed or kept within certain bounds. The controlled release of water from reservoirs.

uncontrolled u . n . c . o . n . t . r . o . l . l . e . d . uncontrolled. uncontrolled

means not being under control; out of control. The greatest uncontrolled health problem is

AIDS. convenient c . o . n . v . e . n . i . e . n

. t . convenient. convenient means suited to your comfort or purpose or needs. A convenient

excuse for not going. convention c . o . n . v . e . n . t . i . o

. n . convention. convention means a large formal assembly. Political convention.

conventional c . o . n . v . e . n . t . i . o . n . a . l . conventional. conventional

means following accepted customs and proprieties. She had strayed from the path of conventional

behavior. conversation c . o . n . v . e . r . s . a

. t . i . o . n . conversation. conversation means the use of speech for informal exchange

of views or ideas or information. A telephone conversation.

convert c . o . n . v . e . r . t . convert. convert means change the nature, purpose,

or function of something. Convert lead into gold.

convince c . o . n . v . i . n . c . e . convince. convince means make agree, understand, or

realize the truth or validity of something. He had finally convinced several customers

of the advantages of his product. cook c . o . o . k . cook. cook means prepare

for eating by applying heat. My husband doesn't cook.

cooking c . o . o . k . i . n . g . cooking. cooking means the act of preparing something

by the application of heat. Cooking can be a great art.

cookie c . o . o . k . i . e . cookie. cookie means any of various small flat sweet cakes.

A glass of milk and a cookie. cool c . o . o . l . cool. cool means neither

warm nor very cold; giving relief from heat. A cool autumn day.

cooperation c . o . o . p . e . r . a . t . i . o . n . cooperation. cooperation means

joint operation or action. Their cooperation with us was essential for the success of our

mission. cope c . o . p . e . cope. cope means come

to terms or deal successfully with. They coped on half a loaf of bread every day.

copy c . o . p . y . copy. copy means copy down as is. The students were made to copy

the alphabet over and over. core c . o . r . e . core. core means the

center of an object. The ball has a titanium core.

corner c . o . r . n . e . r . corner. corner means the point where two lines meet or intersect.the

corners of a rectangle. correct c . o . r . r . e . c . t . correct.

correct means make right or correct. Correct the mistakes.

correctly c . o . r . r . e . c . t . l . y . correctly. correctly means in a correct

manner. He guessed correctly. cost c . o . s . t . cost. cost means be priced

at. These shoes cost $100. cottage c . o . t . t . a . g . e . cottage.

cottage means a small house with a single story. We're staying in a holiday cottage

in Dorset. cotton c . o . t . t . o . n . cotton. cotton

means the fabric made from the cotton plant. The sheets are 100% pure cotton.

cough c . o . u . g . h . cough. cough means exhale abruptly, as when one has a chest cold

or congestion. The smoker coughs all day. could c . o . u . l . d . could. could means

used as the past tense of 'can'. She said that she couldn't come.

council c . o . u . n . c . i . l . council. council means a meeting of people for consultation.

Emergency council. count c . o . u . n . t . count. count means

determine the number or amount of. Can you count the books on your shelf?

counter c . o . u . n . t . e . r . counter. counter means a long flat surface over which

goods are sold or business is done in a shop. I asked the woman behind the counter if they

had any postcards of the church. country c . o . u . n . t . r . y . country.

country means the territory occupied by a nation. He visited several European countries.

countryside c . o . u . n . t . r . y . s . i . d . e . countryside. countryside means

land that is outside cities and towns. The house had lovely views over open countryside

. county c . o . u . n . t . y . county. county

means a region created by territorial division for the purpose of local government. The county

has a population of 12,345 people. couple c . o . u . p . l . e . couple. couple

means a pair of people who live together. A married couple from Chicago.

courage c . o . u . r . a . g . e . courage. courage means a quality of spirit that enables

you to face danger or pain without showing fear. Sue showed great courage throughout

her illness. course c . o . u . r . s . e . course. course

means education imparted in a series of lessons or meetings. He took a course in basket weaving.

of course of course. of course means as might be expected. Of course, the lawyer sent us

a huge bill. court c . o . u . r . t . court. court means

the place where legal trials take place and where crimes are judged. She will appear in

court tomorrow. cousin c . o . u . s . i . n . cousin. cousin

means the child of your aunt or uncle. She's my cousin.

cover c . o . v . e . r . cover. cover means a covering that serves to conceal or shelter

something. Under cover of darkness. covered c . o . v . e . r . e . d . covered.

covered means overlaid or spread or topped with or enclosed within something. Women with

covered faces. covering c . o . v . e . r . i . n . g . covering.

covering means a natural object that covers or envelops. The fox was flushed from its

covering. cow c . o . w . cow. cow means a large female

animal kept on farms to produce milk or beef. A herd of dairy cows.

crack c . r . a . c . k . crack. crack means become fractured; break or crack on the surface

only. The glass cracked when it was heated. cracked c . r . a . c . k . e . d . cracked.

cracked means used of skin roughened as a result of cold or exposure. A cracked mirror.

craft c . r . a . f . t . craft. craft means the skilled practice of a practical occupation.

He learned his craft as an apprentice. crash c . r . a . s . h . crash. crash means

a serious accident. They are still investigating the crash of the TWA plane.

crazy c . r . a . z . y . crazy. crazy means affected with madness or insanity. A man who

had gone crazy. cream c . r . e . a . m . cream. cream means

a thick yellow-white liquid that rises to the top of milk. Strawberries and cream.

create c . r . e . a . t . e . create. create means make or cause to be or to become. Create

a furor. creation c . r . e . a . t . i . o . n . creation.

creation means the act or process of making something that is new. The process of database

creation. creative c . r . e . a . t . i . v . e . creative.

creative means having the ability or power to create. A creative imagination.

creature c . r . e . a . t . u . r . e . creature. creature means a living organism characterized

by voluntary movement. Strange creatures from outer space.

credit c . r . e . d . i . t . credit. credit means approval. He was given credit for his

work. credit card credit card. credit means a card

that assures a seller that the person using it has a satisfactory credit rating, and that

the issuer will see to it that the seller receives payment for the merchandise delivered.

All major credit cards are accepted at our hotels.

crime c . r . i . m . e . crime. crime means an act punishable by law; usually considered

an evil act. A long record of crimes. criminal c . r . i . m . i . n . a . l . criminal.

criminal means connected with or involving crime. Criminal offences.

crisis c . r . i . s . i . s . crisis. crisis means an unstable situation of extreme danger

or difficulty. They went bankrupt during the economic crisis.

crisp c . r . i . s . p . crisp. crisp means clearly defined. A crisp photographic image.

criterion c . r . i . t . e . r . i . o . n . criterion. criterion means a basis for comparison.

The schools comply with federal criterions. critic c . r . i . t . i . c . critic. critic

means a person who is professionally engaged in the analysis and interpretation of works

of art. The critics loved the movie. critical c . r . i . t . i . c . a . l . critical.

critical means urgently needed; absolutely necessary. Critical medical supplies.

criticism c . r . i . t . i . c . i . s . m . criticism. criticism means disapproval expressed

by pointing out faults or shortcomings. The senator received severe criticism from his

opponent. criticize c . r . i . t . i . c . i . z . e

. criticize. criticize means find fault with. The paper criticized the new movie.

crop c . r . o . p . crop. crop means the yield from plants in a single growing season.

Sugar has always been an important crop on the island.

cross c . r . o . s . s . cross. cross means a mark or an object formed by two lines crossing

each other. I've put a cross on the map to show where the hotel is.

crowd c . r . o . w . d . crowd. crowd means a large number of things or people considered

together. A crowd of insects assembled around the flowers.

crowded c . r . o . w . d . e . d . crowded. crowded means overfilled or compacted or concentrated.

A young mother's crowded days. crown c . r . o . w . n . crown. crown means

the symbol of the power and authority of a monarchy. The colonies revolted against the

Crown. crucial c . r . u . c . i . a . l . crucial.

crucial means of extreme importance. A crucial moment in his career.

cruel c . r . u . e . l . cruel. cruel means making someone suffer or feel unhappy. His

death was a cruel blow. crush c . r . u . s . h . crush. crush means

to compress with violence, out of natural shape or condition. Crush an aluminum can.

cry c . r . y . cry. cry means shed tears because of sadness, rage, or pain. She cried

bitterly when she heard the news of his death. ct c . t . ct. ct is the written abbreviation

of cent. It costs 50 cents. cultural c . u . l . t . u . r . a . l . cultural.

cultural means relating to the arts and manners that a group favors. A person of broad cultural

interests. culture c . u . l . t . u . r . e . culture.

culture means a particular society at a particular time and place. Early Mayan culture.

cup c . u . p . cup. cup means a small open container usually used for drinking; usually

has a handle. He put the cup back in the saucer. cupboard c . u . p . b . o . a . r . d . cupboard.

cupboard means a small room or cabinet used for storage space. Kitchen cupboards.

cure c . u . r . e . cure. cure means provide a cure for, make healthy again. The treatment

cured the boy's acne. curious c . u . r . i . o . u . s . curious.

curious means beyond or deviating from the usual or expected. A curious hybrid accent.

curiously c . u . r . i . o . u . s . l . y . curiously. curiously means in a manner differing

from the usual or expected. He's behaving rather curiously.

curl c . u . r . l . curl. curl means form a curl, curve, or kink. The cigar smoke curled

up at the ceiling. curly c . u . r . l . y . curly. curly means

having curls or waves. They envied her naturally curly hair.

current c . u . r . r . e . n . t . current. current means occurring in or belonging to

the present time. Current psychoanalytic theories. currently c . u . r . r . e . n . t . l . y

. currently. currently means at this time or period. He is currently our ambassador

to the United Nations. curtain c . u . r . t . a . i . n . curtain.

curtain means hanging cloth used as a blind, especially for a window. A pair of curtains.

curve c . u . r . v . e . curve. curve means turn sharply; change direction abruptly. The

car curves to the left at the intersection. curved c . u . r . v . e . d . curved. curved

means having or marked by a curve or smoothly rounded bend. The curved tusks of a walrus.

custom c . u . s . t . o . m . custom. custom means an accepted way of behaving or of doing

things in a society or a community. It's a local custom.

customer c . u . s . t . o . m . e . r . customer. customer means someone who pays for goods

or services. Discount prices are offered as an incentive to customers to pay promptly.

customs c . u . s . t . o . m . s . customs. customs means money collected under a tariff.

A customs officer. cut c . u . t . cut. cut means cut down on;

make a reduction in. The employer wants to cut back health benefits.

cute c . u . t . e . cute. cute means attractive especially by means of smallness or prettiness

or quaintness. A cute little apartment. cycle c . y . c . l . e . cycle. cycle means

cause to go through a recurring sequence. Cycle the laundry in this washing program.

cycling c . y . c . l . i . n . g . cycling. cycling means the sport of traveling on a

bicycle or motorcycle. My brother has written a number of articles on cycling for our local

newspapers. Thanks for watching! This is all for section

3, go on to section 4 with letter D of this program if you need to. We'll see you next

time. Goodbye!

Vocabulary

Expressions / Collocations